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高中英语人教版辅导-高中英语文章结构句式,必背
高中资讯    作者:高中英语   2020-12-07

文章结构句式

一、文章开头句式:

1. When asked about…, the vast / overwhelming majority of most / many / quite a few people say / think / believe / answer that… But …

当被问及……时,多数(大多数、许多)人认为(回答)…… 但是 ……

2. Nowadays, it is commonly / widely / generally believed / thought / held that…, but I wonder / doubt that …

如今,人们普遍认为…… 但是我怀疑……

3. When it comes to…, some people think / hold / believe…

当提及……时,有人认为……

4. Depending on personal experience, personality type and emotional concern, we find that some people hold the idea of… while others prefer…

基于个人经历、个性类型和情感关注的不同,我们发现有人持……的观点,而另外一些人则更喜欢……

5. Like a coin has two sides, there is a positive aspect and a negative aspect to…

如同硬币有正反面一样, …… 也有积极的一面和消极的一面。

6. The problem of … has caused wide public concern over recent years.

近年来,……问题已经引起了广泛的关注。

7. With the rapid growth of…,… have / has become increasingly important in our daily life.

随着……的快速增长,……在日常生活中已经变得越来越重要。

8. Recently the issue / problem / question /of… has been brought into focus / brought to public attention / in the limelight / posed among the general public.

近年,…… 的问题已经成为人们关注的焦点。

高中英语人教版辅导

9. Now there is a growing awareness / recognition of the necessity to…

如今,人们越来越认识到……的必要性。

10. After a good many years of efforts to / enthusiasm for…, people begin to…

经过许多年的努力/ 热衷于……多年之后,人们开始……

11. What calls for special attention is that…

需要特别注意的是……

12. When asked whether it is advisable to…, different people have different things to say, but personally I don’t think it is wise to do so.

关于是否…… 这个问题,不同的人看法各异,但就我个人而已,我认为这样做是不明智的。

13. We are often told these days that … But is this really the case?

近来我们经常听说……情况真的如此吗?

14. With…playing an increasingly big role in…, more and more…

随着……在……中的作用日益重要,越来越多的……

二、文章结尾句式:

1. To sum up …can benefit us tremendously if wisely and correctly used.

总而言之,如果运用得当,……会让我们受益匪浅。

2. Therefore, it is not difficult to draw the conclusion that…

因此,不难得出以下结论……

3. Recognizing the fact that… should lead us to conclude that…

承认……这一事实,我们能得出以下结论……

4. The evidence upon all sides supports / confirms / leads to a sound conclusion / view that…

各方面的事实表明/可以得出这样一个合理的结论(看法)……

5. From what has been discussed above / Based on the points discussed above, we may reasonably / safety / finally draw / arrive at the conclusion that…

综上所述,我们能得出如下结论……

6. In summary / conclusion / a word, it is more important / valuable we should…

总之,我们应该……,这一点很重要。

7. Taking into account all of these factors,we may reach the conclusion that…

考虑到所有因素,我们得出结论,……

8. Obviously, if we ignore the problem…will be put in danger.

显然,如果我们忽略了这个问题,……有可能会陷入危险境地。

9. In brief … But this problem is very complicated. Perhaps people can hardly rely on only one way to solve the problem completely.

简言之,……但是这个问题很复杂。或许人们无法仅仅依靠一种方法来完全解决这个问题。

10. There is no doubt that / denying that adequate / immediate / special attention must be paid to the problem of…

毫无质疑我们应当充分(马上、特别)关注…问题。

11. In a word, it is not worthwhile to think up counter-measures after things get worse; instead, it is more practical to …

总之,在情况恶化之后再去想应对措施是没有价值的;相反地,现在……是更实际的措施。

12. To be sure, there may be difficulties we can not overcome, but if we…

确实,有些困难我们无法克服,但如果我们能够……的话,……

13. There is no better time to act than right now, for you will never be offered a greater opportunity than you are at this time.

现在是行动起来的最好时机,因为你再也不会遇到一个比现在更好的机遇了。

14. The dilemma is something no one can avoid / duck / run away from. Properly handled, however, we will…

这一难题是任何人不可避免的。但只要处理得当,我们就会……

15. If we consider…, is it not appropriate that…?

如果我们考虑一下……难道不应当……吗?

三、过渡和概括句式:

1. To understand the truth of…, it is necessary to analyze…

为了了解……的真相,有必要分析……

2. To get a full appreciation of what / how …, we must / have to turn first to …

为了充分理解……我们应该首先看一下……

3. To illustrate / prove / show this point, let me develop my argument…

为了说明这一点,首先来讨论下……

4. But, you may ask, why is……important / indispensable / necessary?

但也许你会问,为什么……很重要(必不可少、有必要)?

5. Another equally important aspect /function is…

另一个同样重要的方面(作用)是……

6. Closely connected with / related to / associated with this factor is…

与这个因素密切相关的另一个因素是……

7. Besides / In addition to / Apart from this, other ways / aspects / functions are…

除此之外,另外一些方法(方面、作用)是……

8. Moreover, / Furthermore, / What’s more …

此外……

9. To prevent this phenomenon from worsening, what measures should be taken?

为了防止这种现象恶化,应该采取什么措施?

10. There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the later one is more reasonable.

两种观点都有一定道理,但是,我认为后者更有道理。

11. To get a full understanding of the importance of…, we must first take a general look at…

为了充分理解……的重要性,我们应该从整体上看……

12. A study of…, perhaps, will make this point clear.

研究一下……的情况也许会说明这一点。

四、对比和对照句式:

1. The advantages gained in …outweigh / are much greater than the advantages we gain from…

……的优点远远超过我们从……中获得的。

2. … bears startling / striking resemblances to…

……与……极为相似。

3. While on the one hand …;on the other hand…

一方面,……另一方面,……

4. Like / Similarly / Likewise / In the same way…

同样,……

5. Although…enjoys a distinct advantage …

尽管……有明显优势,但是……

6. Many students like……Among them there are two types of attitude in… Some of them think that… Others, however, don’t think so. They feel that…

许多学生喜欢……关于……他们有两种不同的观点。有的认为……而另外一些则不同意这种看法。他们觉得……

7. Indeed … carries more weight than… when…is concerned.

的确,就……而言,……的重要性超过……

8. Serious as the problem may be, it pales / disappears into insignificance by comparison to…

问题可能很严重,但……相比就微不足道了。

9. Despite the fact that most of them like…, I would like to choose to…

尽管有许多人喜欢……我还是倾向于……

10. In contrast,…

比较而言,……

11. When the advantages and disadvantages are compared, the most striking conclusion / finding is quite obvious / self-evident.

比较一下优缺点,结论就不言而喻了。

12. There is no consensus of opinion among people as to the view of … Some people suggest that…, while others argue that… I agree with the later / former.

人们并未就……达成一致意见。一些人建议……而另一些则争辩说……我比较赞成后者(前者)。

13. People differ greatly in their attitudes towards this problem. Some maintain that… Others, on the contrary, hold the opinion that… Personally, I stand on the side of…

人们对于这个问题的态度差异很大。有人坚持认为……与此相反,有人认为……就我个人而言,我站在……这一边。

14. For most people today … has become their main source of … But as for me… should be regarded as a better source.

如今多数人将……作为……的主要来源。但就我而言,……应被看作一种更好的来源。

15. … may be superior to…, but it poses problems for those who…

……可能比……要好一些,但有可能给那些……的人带来问题。

16. Different people have different ideas about…Some people take it for granted that… On the contrary, some other people think…

对于……的观点因人而异。有人想当然的认为……相反,有人则认为……

17. This case has aroused echoes throughout the country with more and more people following its lead, but ideas about it vary widely. Those who criticize / oppose / object to / are against… argue / hold that…, but people who advocate / favor / are for…, on the other hand, maintain / assert / claim that…

随着越来越多的人加入它的行列,这一现象已经在全国引起巨大反响。然而人们对此的观点却迥然相异。反对者认为……但是另一方面,支持者则宣称……

18. Many surveys show that people in increasing numbers are beginning to realize that… Meanwhile, many people still live under the traditional ideas that…

许多调查显示越来越多的人开始意识到……同时仍有许多人的传统观点认为……

19. People differ in their opinions on…Some of them believe that…, while others deem that it…

人们对……持有不同的看法,有些人认为……有些人认为……

20. Serious as the problem may be, it pales / disappears into insignificance by comparison to…

问题可能很严重,但……相比就微不足道了。

五、承接转折句式:

1. Although many people tend to live under the illusion that…, increasing evidences show that…

尽管许多人错误地认为……但是越来越多的证据表明……

2. But that’s only part of the story / explanation. Perhaps the most significant / remarkable thing about… is…

但这只是部分原因。或许,有关……最引人注目的是……

3. It is commonly believed that… is the inevitable result of… But on second thoughts, it doesn’t seem like this.

人们普遍认为,……是……的必然结果,但是仔细想想,事实似乎并非如此。

4. Despite / In spite of / For all the difficulty / problem / pressure …

尽管有困难(问题、压力,……

5. On the other hand, / On the contrary, / By contrast …

相反,……

6. Given that it has played an important role in our life, it has also brought along with it the negative effects, for example…

尽管它的确在我们生活中起到很重要的作用,但它同时也带来了一些负面影响,比如……

7. Rather than / Instead of…,…

不是……而是……

8. And the opposite is also the case.

反之亦然。

9. Some people argue / claim that… But more often than not, the opposite / reverse is usually the case.

有些人认为……而在许多情况下,事实正好相反。

10. We have been brought up to believe / myth that…Yet…

我们从小到大都相信这种说法……然而……

11. At first glance, it may seem a sound solution / suggestion, but on second thoughts, we find…

第一眼看起来,这似乎是个合理的办法(建议),但是仔细考虑一下,我们就会发现……

12. There is probably an element of truth in the observations, but they ignore a deeper and more basic / important / essential fact…

可能这些话有一定的道理,但是他们忽略了一个更深层次和更为基本(重要、本质)的事实,……

13. It is true that…, but this is not to say…

……是事实,但是也不能说……

14. Given the fact that…, it by no means indicates that…

尽管……是事实,但是并不意味着……

15. In contrast with the drawbacks…,…can serve as a better solution for the problem of…

和……的缺点相比,……能为……问题提供更好的解决途径。

16. Like anything else, it also has its own dark side, as evidenced in…

与其他任何事物一样,它也有黑暗的一面,表现在……

功能性句式

六、描述图表、图片、数据句式:

1. The first graph shows us…, while the other shows that…

第一个图表告诉我们……而另一个则显示……

2. The table above shows…

以上表格显示……

3. The first graph tells that… The second graph shows that… The reasons to explain this situation can be listed as follows.

第一个图表告诉我们……第二个显示……以下原因可以解释这一情况。

4. It can be discerned from the table that…

从以上表格可以看出……

5. The number of… is three times as much as that of 2012.

……的数量是2012的3倍。

6. The figure of the first graph shows that… At the same time, the figure of the second graph shows that… The relationship between these two figures warns us that…

第一个图表的数据显示……而第二个说明……两者之间的关系警告我们……

7. It accounts for…… percent of the total.

这占了总数的百分之……

8. Like the bar chart shows, the number of… has dramatically increased / decreased during the… years from… to…

如柱状图所示,从……到……的……年间,……的数量急剧上升(下降)

9. From the graph, we know the statistics of… and… It can be seen easily that…

从图表中我们可知…… ……的数据。可以很容易地看出……

10. During the period between… and…, …declined abruptly from… to…, while… increased sharply from… to…

从……到……这段时间里, ……从……急剧下跌到……,反而……则从……显著上升到……

11. Studying the table carefully, we can see clearly that…increase / decline from… to… and then to…

仔细研究图表我们可以清楚地看出……从……增长到(下降到)……, 然后又到了……

12. Seen from the chart, it can be concluded that…

从图表中,我们可以得出以下结论……

13. As is shown in the table, there exists a big difference between… and …

从表格中可以看出,…… 和 ……之间有极大的不同。

七、说明原因句式:

1. There are probably three / many / several / varieties of reasons / causes for this dramatic / significant increase / decline in…

引起……显著增长(下降)的原因有三个(许多、几个、很多)。

2. Some reasons can explain this trend. First of all … Secondly… Furthermore …

一些原因可以解释这一趋势。首先,…… 其次,…… 另外,……

3. Why…? For one thing, for another…

为什么……?一方面,……另一方面,……

4. The causes for… are varied. They include… Perhaps the main cause is …

造成……的原因有好多,包括……主要原因可能是……

5. Perhaps the main / primary / fundamental / most important reason is…

也许,最主要(根本)的原因是……

6. The reason for this is not far to seek. The first reason is that… The second one is… The third is… For all this, the main course of… is due to…

这一问题的原因不难发现。第一个原因是……第二个原因是……第三个原因是……综上所述,……最主要的原因应该是……

7. It is no easy task to identify the reasons for this phenomenon which involves several complicated factors.

要找出这一现象的原因并非易事,因它涉及若干复杂的因素。

8. Certainly … is not the sole reason for… is also responsible for the change / problem.

当然,……并不是唯一的原因。还有……也导致了这一变化(问题)的产生。

9. You don’t have to look very far to find out / identify the reason why…

你不必花费很大的力气就会找到……的原因。

10. There are numerous reasons why…, and I would explore only a few of the most important ones here.

……的原因有很多,这里我只想探讨其中几个最重要的原因。

11. Thanks to / Owing to / Due to / Because of / As a result of… / Since

多亏,由于,幸亏

12. From my everyday experience and observation I can state several factors that defend the statement that…

根据我的日常经验和观察,我可以举出几个因素来证明……

13. The success / failure mainly stems / results / arises / comes from the fact that…

这一成功(失败)主要源于这样一个事实……

14. There are many reasons responsible for this instance, and the following are the typical ones. In the first place … In the second place…

导致这种现象的原因有很多,以下是其中比较有代表性的。第一个是……第二个是……

15. One may attribute / ascribe / owe the increase / decrease / change to…

人们可能将这一增长(下降、变化)归因于……

16. Another reason why I disagree with the above statements is that I believe…

我不同意上述观点的另一个原因是因为我相信……

17. We may blame / criticize… for…, but the causes / roots for the problem / phenomenon / trend go much deeper.

我们或许会批评……因为……但是这一问题(现象、趋势)背后有更深层次的原因。

18. Any discussion about this problem would inevitably involve…

任何对此问题的讨论都不可避免地涉及……

19. Among the most sound / convincing reasons given / identified / advanced by people for…, one should be mentioned / emphasized.

在各种常为人们所道的理由中,应特别提一下……

20. There are many reasons explaining this case. As for me, I consider the following as the typical ones. To begin with … Secondly… last but not least…

有很多原因可以解释该问题。就我而言,我认为以下原因比较典型。一个是……第二个是……,最后……

21. A number of factors could account for / contribute / lead to / result in the change of… Firstly… Secondly … Thirdly …

引起……变化的原因有好多,首先……其次……再次……

八、举例论证句式:

1. There are many instances supporting my opinion.

有许多例子可以证明我的观点。

2. The following story best illustrates the idea that…

下面这个故事很好地说明了……

3. Perhaps the most important example of… is…

有关……的最重要的例子可能是…..

4. A good case in point is …

一个很好的相关例子可能是……

5. Take … for example.

以 ……为例

6. As one writer / scientist / psychologist wrote / commented / pointed out / noted…

正如一位作家(科学家、心理学家)写到(说到、指出)

7. This is a concrete example that…

这是一个有关……的具体例子。

8. Nothing could be more obvious / apparent than the evidence that…

再没有比这个更明显的例子了,……

9. I can think of no better illustration of this idea than the example of…

要说明这个问题,……是一个最好的例子。

10. The latest surveys conducted by… show / reveal / demonstrate / indicate that…

最近由……开展的调查显示……

11. It is a commonly accepted fact that…

……是一个被普遍接受的事实。

12. It is said that…

据说……

13. No one can deny the fact that…

没有人可以否认……的事实。

14. Talking about… the first thing may occur to you and me seem to be…

说到……我们首先想到的就是……

15. A common example, which is frequently cited, is…

一个被普遍引用的例子是……

16. Instances of the same sort might be quoted easily, but this will be sufficient to show that…

类似的例子不胜枚举,但这一个就足以说明……

17. This provides a typical / striking / notable illustration / example of…

这是……典型的例子。

18. To the already familiar facts / example, a few more / a number of other example / facts may be added.

除了这些熟悉的例子,我们还可以举出其他的一些例子。

19. As a case in point, we may take / see…

作为一个例子,我们可以看一下……

20. History abounds with the example of…

历史上有许多……方面的例子。

九、预测趋势和建议句式:

1. The significance of… can not be overvalued. It will…; it will…

……的意义再怎么评价也不过分,它会……, 还会……

2. What will happen to…? Nobody really knows. But one thing is certain…

……会发生什么事情?没人确切知道。但有一件事可以肯定:……

3. Following these suggestions may not guarantee the success, but the payoff might be worth the effort. It will not only benefit… but also benefit…

也许这些措施并不能保证取得成功,但是值得一试。它不但会造福……,而且……也会受益。

4. To reverse the trend is not a light task. It requires a good awareness of…

要想扭转这一趋势并非易事。这需要充分意识到……

5. People are coming to realize the importance of… They have begun to try their best to… We believe that…

人们开始意识到……的重要性,正竭力……我们相信……

6. There is a growing tendency for people these days to…, which I believe will not change in a short time.

现在,人们……的趋势正在增加,而且我认为短时间内这种趋势不会改变。

7. Anyhow, whether it is positive or negative, one thing is certain that it will undoubtedly…

不管怎样,不管它的作用是积极的还是消极的,可以肯定的是它必将……

8. The influence of… has not been confined to… It also…

……的影响不仅仅限于……它还……

9. I suggest that…

我建议……

10. In short / In any case, we should / must / ought to…

总之(无论如何),我们应该(必须)……

11. While many people attach great importance to this issue, no real effective actions have been taken to solve it. Therefore, we should do our utmost in doing something to solve it.

尽管人们非常重视这个问题,然而并没有采取真正有效的措施,因此,我们应该尽最大努力来解决这一问题。

12. Yet our job is not to wait these things to happen, but to devise a way to obviate them, at the very least, to alleviate them because God help those who help themselves.

然而我们的工作并不是坐等事情发生,而是想办法来解决问题,至少减轻问题的程度,因为上帝只帮助那些自救的人。

13. What we need is…

我们所需要的是……

14. It is high time that… Here are a few examples of some of the things that might be taken immediately.

该是……的时候了。这里有几件事情可以立即着手执行。

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