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首页 >辅导资讯 > 初中资讯 > 初中英语一对一辅导补习班-初中英语必考八大时态详解
初中英语一对一辅导补习班-初中英语必考八大时态详解
初中资讯    作者:初中英语   2021-02-05

初中英语必考的八大时态包含:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、过去将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时。这八大时态是英语学习的必备知识,也是初中阶段英语必考考点,今日老师为大家详细解读这八种时态的概念与用法,后附初中英语八大时态练习题100道(含答案)。

一般现在时

1、概念:表示经常发生的情况;有规律出现的情况;总是发生的;事实真理。

2.时间状语:Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week (day, year, month…), on Sundays (on Mondays…), etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词原形(如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)

4.否定形式:主语+am / is / are+not+其他;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加 don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

初中英语一对一辅导补习班

5.一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首;用助动词 do 提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 does,同时,还原行为动词。

eg:

①It seldom snows here. 这里很少下雪。

②He is always ready to help others. 他总是乐于帮助别人。

③Action speaks louder than words. 事实胜雄辩。

一般过去时

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago,yesterday,the day before yesterday,last week,last (year,night,month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time,etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词的过去式或 be 的过去式+名词

4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+其他;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;用助动词 do 的过去式 did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

eg:

①She often came to help us in those days.那些天她经常来帮助我们。

②I didn't know you were so busy.我不知道你这么忙。

一般将来时

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.时间状语:Tomorrow, next day (week,month, year…), soon, in a few minutes, by…, the day after tomorrow,etc.

3.基本结构:主语+am/is / are+going to+do+其它;主语+will / shall+do+其它

4.否定形式:主语+am /is/ are not going to+do;主语+will / shall not do+其它

5.一般疑问句:be 放于句首;will / shall 提到句首。(首字母大写)

eg:

①They are going to have a competition with us in studies.他们将在学习中与我们竞争。

②It is going to rain.天要下雨了。

一般过去将来时

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.

3.基本结构:主语+was / were+going to+do+其它;主语+would / should+do+其它

4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+going to+do+其它;主语+would/should+not+do.

5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;would / should 提到句首

eg:

①He said he would go to Beijing the next day. 他说他第二天要去北京。

②I asked who was going there. 我问,谁要去那里。

现在进行时

1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, look, listen, etc.

3.基本结构:主语+be+doing+其它

4.否定形式:主语+be+not+doing+其它

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

eg:

①Are you feeling good today?你今天感觉如何?

②He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。

过去进行时

1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time 或以 when 引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

3.基本结构:主语+was / were+doing+其它

4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not+doing+其它

5.一般疑问句:把 was 或 were 放于句首。(第一个字母大写)

eg:

①At that time she was working in a company. 那段时间她在一家公司工作。

②When he came in, I was reading a newspaper. 他进来时,我正在读报纸。

现在完成时

1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.时间状语:yet, already, just, never, ever, so far, by now, since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years,etc.

3.基本结构:主语+have / has+过去分词+其它

4.否定形式:主语+have / has+not+过去分词+其它

5.一般疑问句:have 或 has 放句首。

eg:

①I've written an article. 我已经写了一篇论文。

②The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years. 在过去的几年,农村发生了巨大的变化。

过去完成时

1.概念:过去发生或者已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year (term, month), etc.

3.基本结构:had+done.

4.否定形式:had+not+done.

5.一般疑问句:had 放于句首。

6.用法:

(1)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句中。

eg:

She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她从来没有去过巴黎。

(2)在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。

eg:

①When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。

(3)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。

eg:

①We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。

②I had hardly opened the door when he hit me. 我刚打开门,他就打了我。

(注意:had hardly… when... 刚......就......)

③He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。

(注意:had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……)

时态练习题及答案

1.I will tell him as soon as he _____ back

A. come B. comes C. will come D. came

2. Mary _____ on shoes when she ____ them.

A. tries…buys B. tries… buies

C. trys… buys D. trys… buies

3. The girl often ______ cold when she ______.

A. cathcs dances B. catches dances

C. catchs dancees D. catches dancee

4. _____ he ____ himself there No, I don't think so.

A. Do enjoy B. Does enjoies

C. Does enjoys D. Does enjoy

5. _____ your teacher ____ from them very often Certainly.

A. Do hear B. Does hear C. Do receive D. receive

6. _____ your mother _____ some cleaning on Sundays

A. Does does B. Do does C. Does do D. Do do

7. _____ Tom _____to work hard to help his family Yes, he _____.

A. Has x does B. Has x doesC. Does has has D. Does have does

8. Which teacher _____ lessons to you every day

A. does gives B. does give C. do give D. gives

9. Smith does not go fishing on weekdays, ____ _____ , he does.

A. does heNo B. does heYes

C. doesn't heNo D. doesn't heYes

10.Mr Black often _____ fishing on Sundays, _____ he

A. goes doesn't B. goes isn'tC. doesn't godoes D. doesn't gois

11.He usually _____ TV on Sunday evening.

A. watch B. watches C. watching D. is watching

12. We'll go to play with snow if it ______ tomorrow.

A. snow B. snows C. will snow D. snowed

13. Neither I nor he ______ French.

A. speak B. doesn't speak C. speaks D. doesn't speak

14. Nobody ______ how to run this machines.

A . know B. have known C. knows D. is knowing

15. The Young Pioneer _____ water for the old man every day.

A. carry B. bring C. takes D. carries

16. Some are ______ in the river and some are ______ games.

A. swimming playing B. swimming plaiing

C. swimming I playing D. swimming plaing

17. Look ! The boy students are _____ football while the girls are _____ .

A. playing dance B. playing dancingC. play dancing D. play dance

18. He _____ to do his lessons at eight every evening.

A. is beginning B. is beginning C. begin D. begins

19. _____ he _____ on well with his friends this term 2

A. Does gets B. Does get C. Is getting D. Is geting

20. Mr Smith _____ short stories, but he ____ a TV play these days.

A. is writingis writing B. is writing writes

C. writes is writing D. writes writes

21. I _____ to the cinema. I ______ there every Sunday.

A. go…go B. am going… go

C. go… am going D. am going…am going

22. Look, they______ a good time, ____ they

A. have…do B. have…don't

C. are having…are D. are having aren't

23. You ______ about the future now, ______ you

A. don't think don't B. aren't thinking aren't

C. don't think do D. aren't thinking are

24. She always ______ something whenever she ______.

A .studied played B. studied plaied

C.. studied plaied D. studied played

25. He often _____ late in the forest. It _____ me very much.,

A. stayed worried B. staied worried

C. stayed worryed D. staied worried

26. I ______that the boy _____ with no tears in his eyes.

A. noticed cryed B. noticed criedC. noticed cried D. noticed cryed

27. We _____the floor and _____ all the windows.

A. mopped cleanned B. moped cleanedC. mopped cleaned D. moped cleaned

28. When I _____ the Children's Palace, the children _____ with joy.

A. visited jumpped B. visited jumped

C. visited jumped D. visited jumpped

29. ______ a sports meet last Sunday Yes , they ______.

A. Did they have did B. Did they have hadC. Had they had D. Had they did

30. ____ you _____out for a walk after supper Yes, I ______.

A. Did wen twent B. Did go wentC. Did went did D. Did go did

31. _____ Jack _____ on with his work or ______ to have a rest

A. Did went stopped B. Did go stop

C. Did went stop D. Did go stopped

32. You gave them a talk two days ago, _____you Yes, I ______.

A. did did B. did gave C. didn't did D. didn't gave

33. ____ your brother _____ a letter to My father.

A. Who wrote B. What wroteC. Who did write D. What did write

34. They _____ about the TV news then in the sitting-room. They often ____ such talks

A. talked had B. talk have 3C. were talking had D. are talking have

35. He ______ some cooking at that time, so _____ me.

A. did heard B. did didn't hearC. was doing heard D. was doing didn't hear

36. " _____ you angry then " "They___ too much noise."

A. Are were making B. Were were makingC. Are made D. Were made

37. This time yesterday Jack _____ his, bike. He _____ TV.

A. repaired didn't watch B. was repairing watched

C. repaired watched D. was repairing wasn't watching

38. We _____ for Tom at ten last Sunday. He often kept us ______.

A. were waiting waiting B. were waiting wait

C. waited waiting D. waited wait

39. When you _____ at the door, I _____ some washing.

A. knocked did B. was knocking did

C. knocked was doing D. knock am doing

40. The boy_____ English on the radio when I _____ his door.

A. learned was opening B. was learning opened

C. learned opened D. is learning open

41. When they______ through the forest, a bear _____ at them.

A. walked… was coming B. were walking… cameC. were talking… comes D. walk… is coming

42. A young man _____ her while she _____ her work .

A. watched was finishing B. was watching finished

C. watched finished D. was watching was finishing

43. While mother _____ some washing, I ______ a kite for Kack.

A. did made B. was doing made

C. was doing was making D. did was making

44. I _____ myself French from 7 to 9 yesterday morning. I _____ to work.

A. was teaching didn't go B. taught didn't go

C. was teaching went D. taught went

45. He _____ a model plane when I came to see him.

A. makes B. is making C. was making D. made

46. I ______ a letter at nine last night.

A. is writing B. was writing C. wrote D. is writing

47. The teacher_____ (give) us a history lesson when Tom walked into the classroom.

A. gave B. is giving C. was given D. was giving

48. There will be a football match in two days, that is _______.

A. last Sunday B. next Sunday

C. every Sunday D. this Sunday

49. We ______ class meeting this November.

A. had B. have C. will have D. are having

50. He ______ in his garden every morning next year.

A. will work B. works C. worked D. is working

51. Be careful. The train ______.

A. will come B. C. comes D. is coming

52. Look at those clouds. It _____ soon, I'm afraid.

A. is going to rain B. is raining C. will rain D. won't rain

53. The radio says it ______ the day after tomorrow.

A. is going to snow B. is snowing C. will snow D. snows

54. _____ he _____ some shopping tomorrow afternoon

A. Will does B. is going to do C. is doing D. Shall do

55. What day _____ it ______ tomorrow Wednesday.

A. is going to be B. will be

C. shall be D. does be

56. The boy _______ sixteen years old next year.

A. is going to be B. is growing to be C. will be D. is

57. _____ you ____ me up at six, please

A. Are going to wake B. Are waking

C. Will wake D. Do wake

58. If he ______ to college, he _____ a lot more.

A. will gowill learn B. will gois going to learn

C. is going is going to learn D. goes will learn

59. When she _____ next time ,l ______ her everything.

A. is going to comeshall tell B. will comeshall tell

C. comeswill tell D. comewill tell

60. What day ____ it ____ tomorrow It ____Tuesday.

A. is…going to be… is B. will…be…will

C. is…going to be…is going D. will be…will be

61. She _____that she _____ her best to help them the next term.

A. says will do B. said will do

C. said would do D. says would do

62. People _____ that the Smiths _____ for a holiday next week.

A. say will go B. said will go

C. said would go D. say would go

63. Nobody _____ us that he _____ even stricter with us

A. tell will be B. tells would be

C. told will be D. told would be

64. Please _____ him that we _____ able to help him.

A. tell will be B. tells would be

C. told will be D. told would be

65. Jack _____ that they _____ surprised to see it this Friday.

A. know would be B. knows will be

C. knew would be D. knew will be

66. I _____to know if Mary_____ by train that afternoon.

A. want would go B. want will go

C. wanted would go D. wanted will go

67. _____ he _____ that they _____ home tomorrow

A. Does learn would go B. Does learn will go

C. Did learn would go D. Did learn will go

68. We _____ that they _____ a sports meet tomorrow.

A. learn would have B. have learned would have

C. learn will have D. have learned will have

69. ____ you _____ that he _____ his lost son one day

A. Do think will find B. Do thought would find

C. Did think will find D. Did thought would find

70. I _____ that you _____ good care of her that day.

A. thought will take B. thought would take

C. think will take D. think would take

71. The visitors _____ where they _____ a short test.

A. ask would take B. ask will takeC. asked would take D. asked can take

72. John ____ sure that he ____ good at chemistry soon.

A. be will be B. is, would be C. was will be D. was would be

73. She ____ ill so she ____ able to go skating the next day.

A. is won't be B. is wouldn't be C. was won' be D. was wouldn't be

74. He _____ the thief to the police when he _____ the man again.

A. would take would meet B. would take metC. will take will meet D. will take meet

75. Mother ____ me a new coat yesterday, I _____ it on. It fits me well.

A. has made have tried B. made have tried C. has made tried D. made tried

76. " He ____ to draw horses already ."" When ____he ". " Last year. "

A. learned has B. learned did C. has learned has D. has learned did

77. Tom ____ up into the tree. Look, he _____ high up there !

A. has got is B. has climbed was C. got was D. climbed is

78. _____you _____ the text yet Yes, we _____ it two hours ago.

A. Did copydid B. Have copied haveC. Have copied did D. Did copyhad

79. "Why she angry " "Because he _____ at he just now.

A. did get, shouted B. has got shoutedC. did get has shouted D. has got has shouted

80. _____ you ______ the film before Where ____ you _____ it

A. Have… seen… did… see B. Did…see…die…watchC. Have…seen… have… seen D. Did…see…have…seen

81. You _____ me waiting for two hours. I _____ for you since five.

A. Kept waited B. have kept waited

C. kept have waited D. have kept have waited

82. Where _____John _____ To the library. He _____ there for an hour.

A. has been has gone B. has gone has been

C. did go went D. did be went

83. _____ the baby still _____ No, it ______ crying.

A. Has cried has stopped B. Is crying stoppedC. Did cry stopped D. Is crying has stopped

84. I _____ the way. I ______ here for quite many years.

A. knew have lived B. knew live C. know have lived D. know live

85. _____ you ever _____America Yes, I have.

A. Have gone to B. Have gone inC. Have been to D. Have been in

86. My brother _______ college for over three years.

A. has gone to B. has been toC. has been in D. has been for

87. He _____ the Army by the end of 1992. He ____ in the army since then.

A. joined is B. has joined has beenC. had joined is D. has joined has been

88. By the time I _____ back they ____ up ten metres.

A. came have climbed B. came had climbedC. come have climbed D. had come climbed

89. Jack ____ over five lessons by seven o'clock. Then he____ a test.

A. went took B. went had takenC. had gone took D. had gone had taken

90. We _____ out by that time that he ____ a thief for a long time.

A. had found had been B. had found was C. found had been D. found was

91. Before the new _____ him, he ____ to know about it.

A. reaches has got B. reached had got C. reached got D. had reachedgot

92. I _____ him a second letter before I _____ from him.

A. wrote heard B. wrote had heard C. had written heard D. have written hear

93. We _____ in a good harvest because we ______ enough rain.

A. didn't get had had B. got had had C. had got had bad D. got hadn't had

94. They ____for five hours when they ____ in New York.

A. flew arrived B. had flown had arrived C. flew had arrived D. had flownarrived

95. She ____ that ____ it for two days by that day.

A. sayshas rained B. sayshad rained C. said had rained D. saidrained

96. John _____ there since the year before, so he ____ them.

A. had worked knew B. had worked.had knownC. worked knew D. worked had known'

97. He _____ angry because he _____ for a long time.

A. had got had waited B. got waited C. had got waited D. got had waited

98. Paper _____ first invented in China.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

99. The Greens _____ China for five years.

A. has been in B. have been in C. went to D. has gone to

100.There _____ an eraser under the desk. Is it yours

A. is B. has C. was D. had

参考答案:

1—5 BABDB 6—10 CDDBA 11—15 BBCCD 16—20 CBDCC

21-25 BDDDA 26—30 BCBAD 31—35 BCCCD 36—40 BDACB

41-45 BDCAC 46—50 BDDCA 51—55 DACBB 56—60 CCDCD

61-65 CADAB 66—70 CBDAB 71—75 CDDBB 76—80 DACBA

81-85 DBDCC 86—90 DDBCA 91—95 BCBDC 96-100 ADCBA

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