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首页 >辅导资讯 > 小学资讯 > 西安五年级暑假班辅导-小学英语必须掌握的4大时态讲解
西安五年级暑假班辅导-小学英语必须掌握的4大时态讲解
小学资讯    作者:暑假班辅导   2021-08-02

时态是英语中一个重要的语法范畴,小学英语主要是如下的四大时态:一般现在时、现在进行时、一般过去时、一般将来时。

小英老师在这里帮大家整理总结了小学英语四种时态的用法,希望大家可以熟练掌握。

一般现在时

主要描述经常会发生的动作、状态或不变的真理。

句末常出现every day/week/year/Monday , in the morning;句中常有always, usually, often, sometimes

组成1.主语+be+名词(形容词)

I am a student.

He is tall.

否定句:在be 后加not

I am not a student.

He is not tall.

疑问句:be 动词提前到第一位。

Are you a student?

Yes,I am./No,I am not.

Is he tall?

Yes,he is./No,he isn’t.

组成2.主语+动词+地点+时间

We go to school on Monday.

He goes to the park on Sunday.

否定句:主语+don’t/doesn’t’t+动词原形+地点+时间

We don’t go to school on Monday.

He doesn’t go to the park on Sunday.

疑问句:在句首加do或does

Do you go to school on Monday?

Yes, we do./ No, we don’t.

Does he go to the park on Sunday?

Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

动词第三人称单数变化

1. 在原单词末尾加s , 如:like – likes

2. 单词以o, sh, ch, s, x 结尾加es, 如:go – goes

3. 单词末尾为辅音+y结尾去y加ies 如:study- studies

现在进行时

主要叙述正在发生的事情。

句末常出现now;句首常出现look, listen。

组成主语+be +动词ing形式

I am reading English.

They are swimming.

He is playing football.

否定句:在be后加not

I am not reading English.

They are not swimming.

He is not playing football.

疑问句:将be 放到第一位。

Are you reading English?

Yes, I am./ No, I am not.

Are they swimming?

Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Is he playing football?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.

动词变ing形式

1.在动词末尾加ing. 如:play- playing

2. 末尾有e,要去e加ing. 如:ride – riding

3. 末尾以辅音元音辅音结尾,双写末尾的辅音字母.如:swim-swimming

一般过去时

主要描述过去发生的事情。

句末常出现last night/week/Monday/year, yesterday, ago

组成主语+动词过去式

I was a pilot.

They were busy.

He went to the market.

否定句:在be后加not,在普通动词前加didn’t 动词恢复原形。

I was not a pilot.

They were not busy.

He didn’t go to the market.

疑问句:提前be 动词或在句前加did

Were you a pilot?

Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t.

Were they busy?

Yes, they were./ No, they weren’t.

Did they go to the market?

Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

西安五年级暑假班辅导

动词变过去式

1. 在末尾加ed或d 如:play-played、like-liked

2. 辅音加y,结尾去y加ied.如:study-studied

3. 辅音元音辅音结尾双写最后一个字母加ed.如:stop-stopped

一般将来时

主要描述将来要发生的事情。

句末常出现next Monday/week/ year, tomorrow

组成1.主语+be going to +动词原形

I am going to visit Ann.

They are going to draw a dog.

She is going to ride a horse.

否定句:在be后加not

I am not going to visit Ann.

They are not going to draw a dog.

She is going to ride a horse.

疑问句:将be提前

Are you going to visit Ann?

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

Are they going to draw a dog?

Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

Is she going to ride a horse?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

组成2.主语+will+动词原形

I will go to the library.

They will clean the house.

She will eat breakfast at home.

否定句:在will 后加not 或将will not 写为won’t

I will not go to the library.

They will not clean the house.

She will mot eat breakfast at home.

疑问句:将will 提前

Will you go to the library?

Yes, I will./ No, I won’t.

Will they clean the house?

Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

Will she eat breakfast at home?

Yes, she will. /No, she won’t.

专项练习

一般现在时练习题

一、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式。

eat read do take wash

watch have carry study f ly

catch go have cook look

sing teach like get come play

二、用单词的正确形式填空:

1. Mike ___________ (do) his homework every day.

2. There ____________ (be) some water in the glass.

3. We like ____________ (play) basketball after class.

4. I like singing. I often ____________ (listen) to the music in the evening.

5. My grandma ___________ (watch) TV every day.

三、选择最佳的答案:

1. ____Alice often play the piano. No, she _____.

A. Do; do B. Does; does C. Does; doesn't

2. ___ your penfriend __ in Beijing?

A. Do; live B. Do; lives C. Does; live

3. Tom and Mike __ very excited, they will take a trip.

A. is B. are C. am

4. I like ________ very much. What about you?

A. dance B. danced C. dancing

5. I can’t find my pen. Let me __.

A. go and ask her B. go and ask hers C. go and ask she

6. Fangfang is a good student. She ____maths.

A. does good at B. well do it C. is good at

7. The kite ____ a bird. A. look like B. is looking C. looks like

8. Bill and I ___ good friends.

A. is B. are C. am

9. Sandy often ___ his homework on Sundays .

A. do B. does C. did

10. What do you usually do on the weekend? I __________.

A. went swimming B. go swimming C. visited grandparents

11. What do you usually do on your holiday?

A. saw elephants B. sing and dance C.took picture

12. I ____ a student. I go to school ____bus every day.

A. is; by B. am; on C. am; by

13. I ____ a brother. She ____ a sister.

A. have; has B. has; has C. have; have

14. You ____ a student. He ____ a teacher.

A. is; is B. are; is C. are; are

15. He always _____ football games.

A. watches B. watch C. doesn't

16. My best friend _____ shells.

A. collects B. collect C. often

17. She doesn’t _____ listening to the music.

A. often B. like C. likes

18. My mother and I ___ always watch romantic films.

A. doesn’t B. don’t C. do

19. ---When _____ he get home on Friday?

----He gets home at four on Friday.

A. do B. does C. did

现在进行时练习题

一、 写出下列单词的现在分词:

do play dance sit

make swim jump cook

clean watch come read

eat write sing go

run fly catch help

二、用单词的适当形式填空:

1. look! Chen Jie and Mike are ___________(sing)now.

2. The small bear is ________ (climb) the tree.

3. Mike is ________ (draw) picture.

4. She is ________ (do) the dishes.

5. My brother is ________ (make) kites.

6. My father is ________ (read) a newspaper in living room.

7. Ted is __________(answer) the phone.

8. My uncle is ________ (drive) a car.

9. The students are ________(listen) to their teacher carefully.

10. Chen Jie is _________(wash) clothes.

三、 选择正确答案

1. Every one ____ to their teacher in the classroom.

A. are listening B. is listening C. listen

2. They are singing and ___ together at the party now.

A. dance B. danced C. dancing

3. Listen! The birds ____.

A. is singing B. are sing C. are singing

4. Look! The kite ___ in the sky. A. fly B. flies C. is flying

5. They ____ riding a forse. A. is B. are C. am

6. Kate ____ playing chess. A. am B. is C. are

7. Are you washing clothes?

A. Yes, you are B. Yes, I am C. No, I am

8. Is he ____ TV?Yes, he is. A. watch B. watching C. not

9. ____ they taking pictures.? Yes, they are.

A. Am B. Be C. Are

10. It’s 10 o’clock. Ben _____ TV in the bedroom.

A. watch B. is watching C. watches

四、 根据中文填空。

1. Sandy 正在弹钢琴。 Sandy ______ ________ the piano.

2. 听, 她们正在说英语。 Listen, _______ are _______ English.

3.我正在做家庭作业。 I _________ _________ my homework.

4.她正在写信吗? ________she _______a letter?

5. Zhang Peng 和Tom 在树下下棋。

Zhang Peng and Tom ________ ________ chess under the tree.

6. 你们正在植树吗? _______ you ________ trees? Yes, we are.

一般过去时练习题

小学阶段不规则动词的过去式整理:

am is -----was are-----were

begin ----began

ride---rode blow----blew

break----broke bring----brought

run---ran build----built buy----bought

catch---caught say---said

come---came see---saw

draw---drew drink---drank

eat---ate fall----fell

drive---drove sing---sang

do---did fly----flew sit---sat

fight---fought go----went

meet---met sweep---swept

sleep---slept teach----taught

swim---swam take----took

leave---left tell—told write---wrote

know---knew wear---wore

get---got give----gave

have---had make----made

put---put read---read throw---threw

一、写出下列动词的过去式或动词原形。

1.go________ 2.is________ 3.buy________ 4.swim________

5.have ________ 6. watched _________ 7. ate________ 8. got________

9. lived ________ 10. saw ________ 11. spend ________

12. talk ________ 13. do _________ 14. teach ________

15. win ________ 16. like _________ 17. write ________

18. cry ________ 19. study _________ 20. ask ________

二、 用单词的适当形式填空。

1. _____ you ______(water) the flowers yesterday?

2. Su Hai ________(go) for a walk last Sunday.

3. Mike didn’t ________(finish) his homework yesterday.

4. I _______ (pick) apples on the tree last month.

5. I_______(is) ten years old last year.

6. There _______(are) five books on the desk a moment ago.

7. They _______(sweep) the floor just now.

8. I _______ (meet) Miss White the day before yesterday.

10. I _______ (wash) clothes last weekend.

11. What did you you do on your holiday?

I _______ (go) swimming.

三、 选择正确的答案。

1. I ___presents for my parents yesterday. A. buyed B. bought C. buying

2. Susan _____ swimming yesterday. A. go B. goes C. went

3. Danny _____ breakfast five times last week. A. eat B. ate C. eated

4. Last Sunday____ Tree Planting Day. A. is B. were C. was

5. I ____ a lot from our textbook. A. learned B. learnes C. learning

6. We ____ to the zoo and ___ a lot of animals yesterday. A. go; see B. went; saw C. goes; sees

7. What did you do last weekend ? --I _________ A. read a book B. wash the clothes C. go fishing

8. What did you do on your holiday? I ________

A. bought a present B. go skiing C. learn English

9. What did he _____ yesterday? He ____ his homework. A. did; did B. do; did C. do; do

10. Yesterday my presents and I ____ our house. A. were cleaning B. cleaned C. are going to clean

11. What _____ to trees in the different season? A. happen B. happens C. happened

12. Last summer. I ____ in the lake and played on the beach. A. swim B. swam C. will swim

13. Did you eat good food in China? ______. A. Yes, I do B. No, I didn’t C. No, I did

14. We played basketball _____. A. sometimes B. on Saturdays C. last Saturday

一般将来时练习题

重点讲解:

shall / will + 动词原形 (shall 只能用于第一人称)

be going to + 动词原形 (表示打算干什么)

be going to + 地点 (表示准备去)

一、用单词的适当形式填空。

I _______ ________ _______ _______ (see) a film tomorrow.

A: What _______ you _______ ______ _______ (do) next Saturday?

B: I _______ __________ _______ ________(swim) with my parents.

There ______ _______ (be) a party in our school.

Mike _______ ________ (visit ) his grandparents next week.

He ______ ______ _______ _______(buy)a bike the day after tomorrow.

________ (fly)a kite with my father next week.

He will not _________ (go) to school tomorrow.

二、选择正确的答案。

1. I’m going to _____ some chopsticks ____ Sunday afternoon.

A. bought; on B. buy; on C. buy; on

2. When are you going to Hong Kong? I’m going there ____ .

A. this weekend B. by plane C. yesterday

3. I’m going to____ my friends this weekend.

A. visit B. visited C. visiting

4. I’m going to____ homework tomorrow.

A. does B. do C. did

5. Are you going to take a piano class? ____

A. No, we not B. No, I am C. Yes, I am

6. I am ___ eat breakfast at 7:15.

A. will B. going to C. shall

7. We are going to ____ to the park tomorrow.

A. go B. goes C. going

8. What film are you going to ______ ?

A. see B. watch C. look

9. We _____ a play tomorrow. Will you please join us?

A. are going to see B. saw C. sees

10. He ___ a race with Ming Ming.

A. shall have B. will have C. going to have

11. Where _____ you go tomorrow?

A. are B. will C. shall

12. ___ his brother going to climb mountains?

A. Is B. Are C. Am

13. Look! It _____. A. will snowing B. is going to snow C. snows

14. I ____ free this afternoon. A. be B. will be C. going to be

15. They will ____ roast ducks in Beijing. A. ate B. eats C. eat

16. I __ visit my friends this weekend.

A. go to B. am going to C. going to

小学英语时态练习题答案

一般现在时练习题

一、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式。

eat eats read reads do does

take takes wash washes watch watches

have has carry carries study studies

f ly flies catch catches go goes

have has cook cooks look looks

sing sings teach teaches like likes

get gets come comes play plays

二、 1. is doing 2. is 3. playing 4.listen 5. Watches

三、 1-5 C C B C A 6-10 C C B B B 11-15 B C A B A

16-19 A B B B

现在进行时练习题

一、写出下列动词的现在分词形式。

do doing play playing dance dancing

sit sitting make making swim swimming

jump jumping cook cooking clean cleaning

watch watching come coming read reading

eat eating write writing sing singing

go going run running fly flying

catch catching help helping

二、1.singing 2.climbing 3.drawing 4.doing 5.making

6.reading 7.answering 8.driving 9.listening 10.washing

三、1-5 B C C C B 6-10 B B B C B

四、1.is playing 2.they speaking 3.am doing 4. Is writing

5.are playing 6.Are planting

一般过去时练习题

一、写出下列动词的过去式或动词原形。

1.go went 2.is was 3.buy bought 4.swim swam

5.have had 6. watched watch 7. ate eat 8. got get

9. lived live 10. saw see 11. spend spent

12. talk talked 13. do did 14. teach taught

15. win won 16. like liked 17. write wrote

18. cry cried 19. study studied 20. ask asked

二、用单词的适当形式填空。

1. Did you water (water) the flowers yesterday?

2. Su Hai went (go) for a walk last Sunday.

3. Mike didn’t finish (finish) his homework yesterday.

4. I picked (pick) apples on the tree last month.

5. I was (is) ten years old last year.

6. There were (are) five books on the desk a moment ago.

7. They swept (sweep) the floor just now.

8. I met (meet) Miss White the day before yesterday.

10. I washed (wash) clothes last weekend.

11. What did you you do on your holiday?

I went (go) swimming.

三、选择正确的答案。

1-5 B C B C A 6-10 B A A B B 11-14 C B B C

一般将来时练习题

一、用单词的适当形式填空。

1.am going to see

2.are going to do am going to swim

3.will be 4.will visit

5.is going to buy

6.will fly 7.go

二、选择正确的答案。

1-5 C A A B C

6-10 B A A A B

11-16 B A B B C B

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